Project Name: Livestock Feed Processing Plant
Plant Capacity: Make 2 ton animal feed pellets per hour
Process Flow: Feedstuff crushing, mixing, pelletizing, cooling and packaging.
Application: This complete production line of livestock feed is specially designed for making various feed pellets for cud chewer or ruminate animal such as sheep and cattle.
Livestock Feed Processing Plant Photo View
This complete set of livestock feed processing line is manufactured for one of our client in domestic. The photos below were taken in our factory before delivery. If you need detailed equipment information and price list, welcome to send an inquiry! (Similar Project: 5 TPH Cattle Feed Plant Exported to Mali )
Complete Livestock Feed Production Process
Livestock animals such as cattle, cow and sheep need about 100 grams of concentrated feed pellets per day. Pigs need about 250 grams concentrated feed pellets. Here are the steps for the complete technical process to produce livestock feed pellets. Some of these steps are optional as the case may be. (Related News: Newly Developed Mini Poultry Feed Plant forLivestock animals )
Related Feed Processing Machines for Industrial Production Plant
- Collection and Storage of Raw Material:
The raw material for livestock feed come in varied sizes and forms and so have different storage requirements. Long raw material like crop straw need pellet line of large capacity and storing grains like maize and wheat require silo storage.
- Cleaning of Feed Material:
The pure raw material is important not only for the quality feed products but also for keeping the equipment functional and thus efficient feed production as well as for the safety of the personnel. Large and long impurities (stones, mud blocks, etc.) should be removed by screening equipment and iron impurities should be removed by the magnetic separators.
- Crushing of Feed Material:
Depending upon the required fineness and variety of feed, the crushing process is determined from either one-stage crushing or two-stage crushing. Batching before crushing or crushing before batching is also dependent on the form of the batching.
- Batching / Proportioning of Feed Material:
Manual and Volumatic batching are the most common batching processes. Small feed pellet plants and medium feed pellet plants with the capacity of 1-15T/h use manual batching where workers weigh feed material manually and pour into the mixing machine. Since the process is manual it requires less investment and has low production cost. It’s a flexible and precise measuring method.
- Mixing of Feed:
Batch mixing and Continuous mixing are the two ways mixing can be done in two ways. In batch mixing, all components are blended together in the specified proportion as per the formula and then mixed in the batch mixer. The convenience of replacing the feed formula and the lesser batch intermixing makes this method quite common. However, the complex operation of starting and stopping encourages the usage of automatic program control.
At the entry in a continuous mixer, the feed is mixed continuously at the same time into a uniform flow of material. This process has an advantage of being able to continuously be carried out with comminution and granulation thus, requiring a less frequent operation. However, in the event of formula change, the flow adjustment is complex and leaves more residue in the equipment and so creates more intermixing of batches.
- Pelletizing of Feed:
Two different kinds of machines are used according to the capacity - flat die feed pellet mill and ring die feed pellet mill.
Ring Die Pellet Machine (right), Flat Die Pellet Machine (left)
- Flat die type is used in small animal feed plants with the capacity of 600-1000 kg /hr. In this machine, rotating roller and flat die press the evenly distributed mixed feed. Which then passes through flat die holes and form cylindrical granules. Cutting blades cut them in specified sizes as per length and diameter size requirements which then are discharged from the outlet.
- Ring die type is used in medium to large plants with the capacity of 1-15T/h. In these machines, before the feed material is evenly distributed between roller and ring die, it is conditioned via a conditioner placed on the top. Conditioning helps in moisturizing the feed.
- Cooling of feed:
The pelletizing requires feed with high temperature and humidity. The quizzing adds more heat resulting 16-18% moisture feed with a temperature of 75 – 85 C. such high temperature and moisture make deformed and broken feed which would bond and mildew in storage. Cooling is required to reduce the moisture to 14% and temperature below 8 C.
- Crumbling of Feed:
Crumbling reduces feed pellets size for young livestock. Often manufacturers make specified sized pellets to save electricity, increase outputs and improve quality. However, it’s not mandatory.
- Screening (Sieving):
Cooler in small feed plant and crumbler in medium to large feed pellet plant screens the feed. Using crumbler also requires pellet sieving machine to separate powder from feed pellets and to deliver uniform deed pellets for packaging as well as sending powder and ineligible pellets back for reproduction.
The final stage is the packaging of the pellets for distribution.